Nearsightedness (Myopia) causes, symptoms and treatment

Nearsightedness is an eye condition that makes you see near objects
clearly, while far objects seem blurry and hazy because the light coming
to the eye is not focused correctly. It occurs more often to children and
teenagers and may appear gradually or suddenly.


Causes
Eyes have two main parts that work together to bend the light onto the
retina, cornea and lens; In Myopia cases eyeball usually is too long from
front to back, or cornea is too curved so that light coming to the eye
focuses in front of the retina instead of on it, which makes far objects
look hazy.
Genetic factors and family eyes medical history may increase the
probability of having nearsightedness.


Symptoms
● Faraway objects seem very blurry and hazy.
● Headaches because of eye strain.
● Difficulty in vision while driving, especially at night.
● Feeling the urge to cover one of the eyes with hands to see clearly.
● Setting close to TV screens to see better.
● Rubbing eyes with hands frequently.
● Blinking too much more than usual.


Treatment
Myopia cannot be totally cured, but vision can be improved and
enhanced to normal by simple solutions.
Most people go for using glasses or contact lenses to correctly focus
light to be on the retina instead of in front of it, which is a safe and cheap
solution.
Others may go for surgeries, there are different surgeries such as using
a laser to cut a flap through the top of the cornea or a new lens in the
eye replacing the natural one, these solutions are usually more
expensive than traditional treatments.
Finally, regular eye checkups since childhood would prevent Myopia
from getting worse

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